A new report from the non-profit Education Hub organisation has raised concerns about what it calls a "deeply worrying" decline in literacy levels.
Less than 65 percent of 15-year-olds have basic proficiency in reading and maths.
Education Minister Chris Hipkins says the Government is working hard to turn around the trend, but it takes time.
Dr Christine Braid, from the Massey University Institute of Education, works with teachers and schools to explore best practice in literacy teaching for the benefit of all learners and she joined Kerre McIvor.
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