Greece's Prime Minister and Turkey's President are to speak on Friday evening to discuss "the latest developments in Afghanistan," the Greek Prime Minister's office announced, as both countries raise concerns about a potential major influx of people fleeing Afghanistan after the Taliban's takeover.
Greece has repeatedly said it will not allow a repetition of 2015, when hundreds of thousands of people crossed to Greek islands from the nearby Turkish coast before heading through Greece and the Balkans north toward more prosperous countries in the European Union.
Greece's Prime Minister, Kyriakos Mitsotakis, would be speaking with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan at 7.30pm local time, Mitsotakis' office said.
On Thursday, Erdogan called on European nations to shoulder the responsibility for Afghans fleeing the Taliban, warning that Turkey will not become Europe's "refugee warehouse".
The previous day, Greek Migration Minister Notis Mitarachi said the current priority was to evacuate European Union and Afghan citizens who had worked with EU forces there, but that Greece "does not accept to be the gateway for irregular flows into the EU".
Speaking on Greece's Skai TV, he noted that Greece does not border Afghanistan, and "there are countries to the east of us who could provide initial protection where necessary." Turkey, he added, was a safe country for Afghan citizens.
The comments have come amid an increase in recent weeks in the number of Afghans making their way into Turkey across the border from Iran.
Anti-migrant sentiment is running high in Turkey as it grapples with economic woes — including high unemployment — that have been exacerbated by the coronavirus pandemic, and there is little appetite in the country to take in more people.
"We need to remind our European friends of this fact: Europe — which has become the centre of attraction for millions of people — cannot stay out of [the refugee] problem by harshly sealing its borders to protect the safety and wellbeing of its citizens," Erdogan said.
American and Polish soldiers board helicopters at an airfield in Bagram, Afghanistan. Photo / New York Times
"Turkey has no duty, responsibility or obligation to be Europe's refugee warehouse," Erdogan said.
He said his country is home to 5 million foreign nationals — including 3.6 million Syrians who fled the civil war in the neighbouring country and 300,000 Afghans. Around 1.1 million are foreigners with residence permits, he said.
In 2016, Turkey and the European Union signed a deal for Turkey to stop the hundreds of thousands of migrants and refugees heading toward Europe, in return for visa-free travel for Turkish citizens and substantial EU financial support.
Taliban fighters patrol inside the city of Kandahar, southwest Afghanistan. Photo / AP
Erdogan has frequently accused the EU of not keeping its side of the bargain, while the deal led to thousands of asylum-seekers languishing in squalid refugee camps on the eastern Greek islands.
The migration issue has also led to flare-ups in tension between Greece and Turkey, neighbours and Nato allies who have come to the brink of war several times since the mid-1970s. In March 2020, Turkey announced its borders into the EU were open, and encouraged thousands of migrants to head to the Greek border, triggering chaotic scenes as Greece shut its border crossings with Turkey.