Antarctic researchers are calling on policy makers to protect the continent from growing threats.
In a policy forum article in the journal Science, 26 international experts lay out the threats the polar continent faces, such as invasive species, pollution and over-exploitation of marine resources.
Environmental law specialist Joanna Mossop from Victoria University says there's a range of new challenges such as the increasing numbers of tourists going there.
"In the future as the demands for global minerals and resources increases there may be pressure put on exploration of minerals.
"Global problems, some of them are regional problems, and we're working with a treaty regime now that is now, some of it's over 50 years old."
Joanna Mossop says there's a 50 year ban on mineral mining in Antarctica, but it only binds parties to the Antarctic Treaty.
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