Don't blame the teachers, for the educational under-achievement of our most disadvantaged children.
That's the message from the Child Action Poverty Group, in a policy paper recommending smaller class sizes and higher teaching salaries in low-decile schools.
Professor John O'Neill from Massey University says the Government is concerned about giving every child an equal chance.
But he says that won't be the case, as long as socio-economic disadvantage continues to hold children back.
"You cannot allow today's generation of children to suffer because of some political argument that teachers need to do better."
Mr O'Neill says good teaching and small class sizes can go some way - but material disadvantage will always hold children back.
"Education cannot do it alone. The services that children in poverty need cover many Government agencies and their solution has to be a joined up one."